Skip to main content

International Law: Armed Conflict


     Ask a Librarian
     International Law Research Guides

Secondary Sources
     Guides to International Legal Research
     Finding Law Articles
     Finding Articles in Other Disciplines
     International Law Reference Sources
     Other Secondary Sources

     Finding Aids for U.S. Treaties
     Full-Text U.S. Treaty Sources
     Other Full-Text Sources
     Locating Background Information                     about U.S. Treaties

Foreign Law
     Finding Background Information
     Laws by Country
     Laws by Subject
     Foreign Constitutions
     Foreign Cases
     Subscription Resources

European Union
     Guides to the European Union
     European Union Websites
     Subscription Resources

United Nations
     United Nations Websites
     CALI Lessons - UN and ICJ
     HeinOnline United Nations Collection

U.S. Foreign Affairs
     Treatises and Reference Materials
     Databases and Indexes
     U.S. Government Publications
     Web Resources

Human Rights
     United Nations 
     Regional Bodies
     Web Resources

Commercial Arbitration
     General Resources
     Arbitral Rules and Awards
     National Legislation and Cases
     Secondary Sources
     Current Awareness and News

     Commercial Databases
     U.S. Government Resources
     World Trade Organization
     United Nations 
     Regional Organizations
     Other Online Resources

Environmental Law
     International Organizations 
     United States
     National Laws

Global Health
     Web Resources

Armed Conflict
     Web Resources


Armenian National Institute
The Armenian National Institute is a non-profit organization dedicated to the study, research, and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide. The Institute’s website includes photo collections, a detailed chronology, archival documents, the text of international conventions, and a survey of press coverage.

Avalon Project
This Yale Law School web site contains the text of numerous treaties regarding the laws of war. 

Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection
Cornell University Law Library. This collection has Nuremberg trial transcripts and other documents from the personal archives of General William J. Donovan, special assistant to U.S. Chief of Counsel Robert H. Jackson.

EISIL, American Society of International Law
EISIL is a portal to treaties and other international law documents arranged by subject. Subjects include International Humanitarian Law and Use of Force.

Geneva Convention Materials
The Library of Congress has created this online collection of documents relating to the Geneva Conventions.

Genocide Archive Rwanda
This site has videos of testimony, photographs, and other information regarding the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect advocates and works towards creating practical guides for global action in the face of mass atrocities. The Centre’s website gives information about populations around the world which are at risk of mass atrocities, details the organization’s events and activities, and provides online access to its archive of resources including UN reports and resolutions, government statements, NGO reports, academic articles, and news articles that reference the responsibility to protect.

Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials Collection
This web site provides information about 46 war crimes trials involving 123 people for crimes committed during World War II.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Customary International Humanitarian Law database
This web site contains ICRC’s analysis of existing rules of customary international humanitarian law and a database of state practice organized topically and by country.

ICRC Treaty Database  
This ICRC web site has the full text of many humanitarian law treaties, as well as lists of state parties.

ICRC National Implementation Database
This is a database of national statutes and cases regarding state implementation of international humanitarian law. Texts are in their original language. Statutes and cases are accessible by state and by topic.

International Courts and Tribunals Library
This is part of the World Legal Information Institute. It has a searchable database of decisions of international courts and tribunals. 

International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first ever permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to promote the rule of law and ensure that the gravest international crimes do not go unpunished. The ICCs website provides information about the ICC, access to cases and situations before it, reports on activities, and offers legal tools and texts.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
Recognizing that serious violations of humanitarian law were committed in Rwanda, UN Security Council Resolution 955 established the ICTR to prosecute serious violations of international humanitarian law committed between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994.

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda - WestLaw
This WestLaw database contains all documents (judgments, decisions, orders, and indictments) issued by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda during the years 1995-2007.

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia - WestLaw
This WestLaw database contains judgments, decisions, orders, indictments, transcripts and press releases issued by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Coverage is 1995 to the present.

Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals
1947-1949. Published by the United Nations War Crimes Commission. HeinOnline.

National Security Archive  
George Washington University - Gelman Library in Washington, D.C. houses the National Security Archive, a repository for declassified documents obtained from the U.S. government through Freedom of Information Act requests.

Nuremberg Trials Collection. Part of Avalon Project at Yale Law Library
Contents of the Nuremberg Trials Collection from the Avalon Project at Yale Law School. The Avalon Project has digitized many important documents related to the Nuremberg Trials, including motions, orders of the tribunal, presentation of cases, testimony of witnesses, and other key documents.

Nuremberg Trials Project
The Nuremberg Trials Project is an endeavor of the Harvard Law School Library to digitize the approximately one million pages of documents the Law Library has relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal. The documents include transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other papers. The online database of the Project provides a description of each document and allows searching for documents by title, author, defendant, evidence code number, exhibit number, date, transcript page numbers, and other fields.

Peace Palace Library
The Peace Palace Library is a preeminent library of international law at The Hague and supports legal institutions including the International Court of Justice. Content on their web site includes bibliographies on topics such as International Humanitarian Law; Terrorism and International Law; and International Criminal Law.

ReliefWeb is administered by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The website was developed in order to provide a reliable source of information during humanitarian emergencies and is endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly. Information provided on ReliefWeb includes news, reports, press releases, appeals, policy documents, analysis and maps related to humanitarian emergencies worldwide.

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights
This web site contains reports on state implementation of the international law of armed conflict, organized by country, as well as links to national constitutions and relevant legislation.

Special Court for Sierra Leone
Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1315 (2000), the Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up jointly by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations. It is mandated to try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996.

Torture Database
An ACLU database of more than 100,000 Bush-era documents.

United Nations Refugee Agency
Information regarding United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNHCR publications and reports, access to UNHCR Statistical Online Population Database and access to Refworld online, including country reports, national legislation and case law, and UNCHR protection policies and guidelines.

U.S. Army Field Manuals, Training Circulars, and Technical Manuals
Full text of selected U.S. Army documents from the Library of Congress Federal Research Division.

U.S. Naval War College, The Law of Armed Conflict / International Humanitarian Law Research e-Portal
This portal will lead you to relevant treaties, military manuals, reports, and other sources dealing with the international law of armed conflict.

War Crimes Research Office
The War Crimes Research Office (WCRO) at the American University Washington College of Law promotes the development and enforcement of international criminal and humanitarian law by providing specialized legal research to international courts and tribunals. The WCRO website offers access to a number of primary documents from international courts and tribunals in its Jurisprudence Collections and International Criminal Law Project database, as well as access to analytical reports on actions of the International Criminal Court through its ICC Legal Analysis and Education Project.

War Crimes Research Portal
This research portal is maintained by the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Law. The website contains links to websites with information on international humanitarian law and research on issues before International Criminal Tribunals.