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Criminal Law

Primary Authority

United States Code
Title 18 of the United States code enumerates federal sex crimes including sexual abuse and exploitation as well as provisions related to monitoring of sex offenders.

Arizona Revised Statutes
Title 13, Chapter 35.1 lists sex crimes involving children. Title 13, Chapter 14 lists most sexual other offenses the state recognizes. Title 13, Chapter 32 concerns sex workers. Other provisions in Title 13 concern related matters, such as sex offender registration and treatment.

Texts and Treatises

ASU Library One Search
To see a complete list of materials available in the library related to sex offenses, search the catalog for SUBJECT:  Sex Offenders or SUBJECT:  Sex Crimes. Otherwise, peruse the list below.

Internet Sex Offenders (Michael C. Seto, 2013)
This resource examines the nexus between indirect online victimization including child pornography with offenders' online solicitation and contact with minors. It details risk assessments of offenders and strategies to prevent reoffending beyond prison time, presenting a proposal for effective cycles of treatment and supervision.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime (Rosemary Gartner & Bill McCarthy eds., 2014)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, offers a variety of perspectives on contemporary and historical issues involving sex crimes, including offenses against children and an examination of punishments for sex crimes.

Preventing Sexual Violence:  Interdisciplinary Approaches to Overcoming a Rape Culture (Nicola Henry & Anastasia Powell eds., 2014)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, examines the shortcomings and the limits of criminal law in preventing sexual assault. It emphasizes prevention efforts for the internet and academic institutions.

Preventing the Sexual Victimization of Children:  Psychological, Legal, and Public Policy Perspectives (Charles Patrick Ewing, 2014)
This book analyzes why sexual abuse of children remains a chronic problem worldwide despite legal and social prevention efforts. It analyzes problems including internet sexual abuse, institutional sexual abuse, and child prostitution in depth, suggesting policy reforms.

Protecting Our Kids? How Sex Offender Laws Are Failing Us (Emily Horowitz, 2015)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, presents a critical examination of sex offender laws and ongoing rehabilitation and warning efforts such as sex offender registries, arguing that they may be ineffective and invoke unnecessary fear in society.

Reckoning:  The Epic Battle Against Sexual Abuse and Harassment (Linda Hirsh, 2019)
This history recounts efforts to fight back against sexual harassment and crime, from feminist activists' efforts to fight sexual harassment in the 1960s to high profile sexual assaults of recent years.

Sex and Harm in the Age of Consent (Joseph J. Fischel, 2016)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, takes a critical approach to some sex offender laws and status, noting parallels between modern understandings of sexual offense to past moral panics involving sexual minorities. It advocates for differentiating degrees of sexual offense rather than uniform demonization of offenders.

Sex Offenders:  A Criminal Career Approach (Arjan A. J. Blokland & Patrick Lussier eds., 2015)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, is an authoritative and in-depth treatment of the latest research into the criminal careers of sex offenders, providing background and investigating the policies used to combat one of society's most intractable public issues.

Sex Offenders:  Punish, Help, Change or Control? (Jo Brayford et al. eds., 2012)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, looks at the growth of work with sex offenders, questioning assumptions about the range and types of such offenders and what effective responses to these might be.

Sex, Sexuality, Law, and (In)justice (Henry F. Fradella & Jennifer M. Sumner eds., 2016)
This eBook, from ProQuest Ebook Central, includes perspectives on the impact of sexuality and gender, including LGBTQ+ identities on the legal system, with an emphasis on sex crimes, victimology, and the constitutional bases of legal provisions.

Web Resources

Arizona Criminal Justice Commission:  Publications
The state tracks rates of crimes including sexual assaults and evaluates state services.

Bureau of Justice Statistics:  Rape and Sexual Assault
Data regarding unwanted sexual contact as well as verbal threats, people of any gender.

Mandatory Minimum Penalties for Federal Sex Offenses
Federal analysis of mandatory minimum penalties in the federal system with statistical data on crimes and punishments.

SMART Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking
Federal agency supporting governments' sex offender programs and tracking legal developments regarding sex offenders.

Dru Sjodin National Sex Offender Public Website
A searchable compilation of sex offender data from federal, state, territorial, and tribal governments.

Sex Offender Registry Websites
The FBI provides a list of registries for states, territories, and tribes.