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Criminal Law

Primary Authority

Title 18 of the United States Code includes federal criminal laws. Additional criminal provisions are found throughout the U.S. Code.

Title 18 of the U.S. Code can be accessed through the following sources:

Research Guide: Statutes and Legislation
This resource gathers databases and websites that provide access to public laws, session laws, the U.S. Code, and statute annotations.

Federal court cases concerning criminal law and procedure can be searched on these legal databases (logins required):

You can also browse the Westlaw Criminal Law Keycite and Filter by date or jurisdiction, or browse nature and elements of crime and defenses by clicking on "key number." 

Research Guide: Federal Court Opinions
This resource compiles subscription databases and free websites for researching case law. It also lists print reporters to assist with legal citation and research.

Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
These rules govern federal criminal trials in federal courts.

Federal Rules of Evidence
These rules govern the presentation of evidence and testimony.

Arizona District Court Rules
These rules govern proceedings in the federal Arizona District Court, including Local Rules of Criminal Procedure.

Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure
These rules govern procedures in federal Courts of Appeals.

Research Guide: Federal Court Rules
This resource compiles websites and databases that provide access to rule text, proposed amendments, and tools of interpretation for rules in courts throughout the federal system.

Texts and Treatises

Criminal Law (Wayne R. LaFave, 2010) 
Substantive Criminal Law is a single volume that analyzes criminal law by interpreting case law and statutory law via the Model Penal Code. The text focuses on the ways that specific crimes and general principles of criminal law are defined by state statutes and interpreted by the courts.

Criminal Procedure (Wayne R. LaFave et al., 2015) 
Criminal Procedure is a seven-volume treatise that provides step-by-step guidance through the typical state court criminal justice system. This series explores criminal procedure from pre-arrest to pretrial, trial, post-conviction, and appellate proceedings. 

Search and Seizure: A Treatise on the Fourth Amendment (Wayne R. LaFave, 2020) 
Search and Seizure: A Treatise on the Fourth Amendment is a six-volume treatise that provides an extensive analysis of numerous factual situations, including the exclusionary rule, probable cause, search warrants, consent searches, as well as stop and frisk and lesser intrusions.

Understanding White Collar Crime (J. Kelly Strader, 2011)
Discusses crimes common in corporate and transactional settings, rather than violent or "street crime." It examines issues involved with liability for business actions, conspiracy, fraud offenses, environmental crimes, tax crimes, and other financial crimes.

Wharton's Criminal Evidence (Barbara E. Bergman and Nancy Hollander, 1997) (login required)
Wharton's Criminal Evidence is an eight-volume treatise that thoroughly analyzes applicable Federal Rules of Evidence and cases interpreting the rules. Authors compare and contrast corresponding evidentiary rules, statutes, and individual state cases. All evidence and admissibility principles are treated specifically as they apply to criminal cases. This title contains guidance for both defense and prosecution on handling witnesses, impeachment rules, lay witness opinion, expert testimony, and real and demonstrative evidence.

Wharton's Criminal Procedure (Nancy Hollander et al., 2007)
Wharton's Criminal Procedure is a five-volume treatise that traces statutory and judicial changes, as well as modifications, in common law. Subjects include criminal and juvenile court, venue, arrest, extradition, preliminary hearings, search and seizure, and grand juries. 

Westlaw: Criminal Law, Jurisprudence & Encyclopedias (Westlaw password required)
This list of database resources includes general treatises and focused resources on particular jurisdictions and crimes.

Web Resources

Many federal agencies include law enforcement divisions that enforce criminal provisions of various federal statutes.

Federal Bureau of Investigation
This agency investigates federal crimes and provides reports on criminal activity across the U.S.

U.S. Department of Justice
The federal agency's criminal division enforces federal criminal laws, including assistance on law enforcement matters, advising other government bodies on the development of criminal law, and sensitive areas of law enforcement such as witness protection and electronic monitoring.

American Bar Association: Criminal Justice Section
This organization provides information about events, criminal justice policymaking, criminal justice jobs, as well as a magazine and newsletter.

FBI: Uniform Crime Reporting
This federal government resource gathers data on crimes as well as police activity from thousands of law enforcement agencies nationwide.

Bureau of Justice Statistics
This resource from the Department of Justice provides nationwide statistical data concerning the criminal justice system, including crime, courts, prisons, police, crime victims, and tribal justice.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service   
Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a federally funded resource offering reports, journals, statistics and other information on subjects relating to criminology, criminal justice, substance abuse, corrections, policy, crime victims, and program development worldwide.

Legal Research Databases

Law Blogs

Crime and Consequences Blog
This resource provides commentary from the perspective of "victims of crime and the law-abiding public."

CrimProf Blog - Law Professor Blogs Network
Kevin Cole of the University of San Diego Law School comments on developments in criminal justice policy developments.

The Crime Report
This resource from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York includes objective reporting on legal news as well as commentary.

Lawrence Taylor’s DUI Blog
This resource features news and tips on impaired driving and related issues, including sobriety tests and breath tests from a defense attorney perspective.

Sentencing Law and Policy
Professor Douglas A. Berman of Ohio State University's law school comments on criminal law, legal practice, sentencing, and related issues.

White Collar Crime Prof Blog
Law professors and attorneys opine on developments in business crime and fraud.

The Wrongful Convictions Blog
Law professors and attorneys discuss news involving exonerations, prosecutorial misconduct, and legal protections for people falsely convicted of crimes.

Journals and Scholarly Articles

HeinOnline (available on campus or through ASURITE) gathers full text reproductions of scholarly journals concerning topics including:

HeinOnline's Criminal Justice & Criminology section (available on campus or through ASURITE) gathers more periodicals as well as books, government reports, and congressional hearings regarding criminal law and criminology, or the study of criminal behavior on individual and societal levels.