The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program was established by the Obama Administration in June 2012. It was announced by President Barack Obama on June 15, 2012 and the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), an agency of the Department of Homeland Security, began accepting DACA applications in August 2012.
June 15, 2012 memorandum from the Secretary of Homeland Security - this Department of Homeland Security (DHS) memo describes the guidelines for granting or reviewing an individual's deferred action.
November 20, 2014 memorandum from the Secretary of Homeland Security - this memo supplements and amends the guidance stated in the June 15, 2012 DHS memo; it reflects new policies for the use of deferred action.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services - Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (original information about DACA)
This archived page provides information on how individuals were able to request consideration of deferred action under DACA.
Perchance to DREAM: A Legal and Political History of the DREAM Act and DACA (Michael A. Olivas, 2020)
Traces the origin of the DREAM Act and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals from the question of whether undocumented students who had exercised their right to a public education could then attend college in the U.S. in the early 1980s to the DREAM Act in 2001 to the establishment of DACA by President Barack Obama in 2012. The book discusses the turmoil along the way and suggests pathways toward a fairer future.
July 16, 2021: A federal judge in Texas ruled that Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals is illegal and blocked new applicants. The ruling allows for immigrants currently protected by the program to keep their status while the case goes through the appeals process.
January 20, 2021: President Biden issued a memorandum directing the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General, to take appropriate action to preserve and fortify DACA, consistent with applicable law. Read more here about the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services responsibility to comply.
December 4, 2020: Judge Nicholas Garaufis of the U.S. District Court in Brooklyn ordered the Department of Homeland Security to fully reinstate the DACA program. For more information visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services FAQ website.
June 18, 2020: In 2017, the Trump administration announced that it would end the DACA program, which it believed had been illegal in the first place. By a vote of 5-4, the Supreme Court ruled that the administration acted improperly in terminating the program, and it sent the case back for the Department of Homeland Security to take another look. The ruling means that the DACA program will remain in place.
November 12 2019: The Supreme Court heard oral arguments for the case Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of the University of California, a high-profile challenge to the Trump administration’s decision to terminate the DACA program.
June 28, 2019: The Supreme Court announced it will hear arguments in the case during its next term and will issue its decision on whether the Trump administration may discontinue the DACA program. The Obama-era program to protect DREAMers will get a one-hour hearing before the high court. The court said it would consolidate three appeals into one argument.
August 3, 2018: Judge Bates issued an opinion upholding his April 24, 2018 decision allowing DACA renewals, but partially stayed the order regarding new applicants. At present, no first-time DACA applications are being accepted, but DACA status may be renewed for those who already have it. Read Judge Bates' opinion here.
April 24, 2018: Federal Judge John D. Bates of Federal District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that DACA protections must stay in place and that the government must resume accepting new applications. The judge stayed his decision for 90 days and gave the Department of Homeland Security, which administers the program, the opportunity to better explain its reasoning for canceling it. If the department fails to do so, it “must accept and process new as well as renewal DACA applications,” Judge Bates said in the decision.
February 2018: Supreme Court's Response to Trump Administration's Request to Review Lower Court Order
On February 26, 2018, the Supreme Court declined to hear the Trump administration's request for it to review the lower court order that the administration must continue to accept DACA applications, so the Supreme Court will allow the Ninth Appeals Court to review the ruling.
USCIS Response to Injunction
On January 13, 2018, United States Citizenship and Immigration Services announced that due to the federal court order, it has "resumed accepting requests to renew a grant of deferred action under DACA." Additionally, it stated that "DACA policy will be operated on the terms in place before it was rescinded on Sept. 5, 2017." Read the updated USCIS statement on DACA here.
Injunction: On January 9, 2018, Judge William Alsup of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, issued a national injunction ordering the Trump administration to re-start the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. Judge Alsup wrote that the administration must “maintain the DACA program on a nationwide basis” as the legal challenge (led by Janet Napolitano in her capacity as President of the University of California system) to President Trump's decision to halt the program goes forward in the courts. Read Judge Alsup's order here.